Mobile, Alabama was the capital
of the French Louisiana territory from 1704 through 1722, during
which time Mardi Gras was organized. It was an area known for
its battles with Native Americans before that. The battle of
Maubilla was fought near here, but there have been no relics
found indicating where. During the Civil War, it was a major
shipping port and one the Union had its eye on throughout the
war. The first submarine to sink an enemy ship was constructed
in Mobile. It was the Confederate submarine, the Hunley.
Since 1970 there has been archeological
activity, researching the history of Moblie. Over the years,
there have been 47 buildings and tens of thousands of artifacts
uncovered, making it the most important historical site in the
Mobile is surrounded by interesting
things and places. Its downtown area has a replica of Fort Conde,
named after the brother of King Louis of France. It's on the
same location that the original fort stood as could best be
determined. To the south of Mobile are many picturesque small
towns on the coast. Dauphin island is located south of Mobile,
it is here that Fort Gaines is located. Directly across the
bay from Fort Gaines is Fort Morgan, beyond that is a beautiful
town called Gulf Shores.
OTHER EVENTS IN MOBILE'S HISTORY:
In 1860, the ship, Clotilde,
carrying a cargo of slaves entering this country, was abandoned
by its captain near Mobile. Many of the slaves escaped and formed
their own community on the banks of the Mobile River, called
Here, the slaves still spoke their native language and engaged
in their cultural traditions up until the mid twentieth century!
This was the last known shipload of slaves entering the US.
25, 1865, an ammunition depot on Beauregard Street, containing
200 tons of artillery shells and gunpowder, exploded, killing
300 people. Two ships in the Mobile River were sunk by the explosion
and the entire northern side of Mobile was destroyed by fire.
May 21, 1919, at about 3:25 pm, a fire started in the grocery
store and meat market of Howard Cunningham, located at the corner
of Madison and Hamilton Streets in Mobile. The fire quickly
spread and burned the remainder of the day. It destroyed over
200 homes, leaving between 1,000 and 1,500 homeless and covered
40 city blocks of Mobile.
Junior Miss Pageant was orginated in